On March 27, , NFL team owners voted nearly unanimously to approve the Raiders' application to relocate from Oakland to Las Vegas, Nevada , in a to-1 vote at the annual league meetings in Phoenix, Arizona. The Raiders plan to remain in Oakland through — and possibly — and relocate to Las Vegas in either or , depending on the completion of the team's planned new stadium. The Raiders are known for their extensive fan base and distinctive team culture. Having enjoyed a successful collegiate coaching career at Navy during the s, San Francisco native Eddie Erdelatz was hired as the Raiders first head coach.
In January , the Raiders were established in Oakland, and because of NFL interference with the original eighth franchise owner, were the last team of eight in the new American Football League to select players, thus relegated to the remaining talent available see below.
The Raiders man roster included 28 rookies and only 14 veterans. In their debut year under Erdelatz the Raiders finished with a 6—8 record. Ownership conflicts prevented the team from signing any top draft picks the next season. On September 24, , after the dismissal of Erdelatz, management named Los Angeles native and offensive line coach Marty Feldman as the Raiders head coach.
The team finished the season with a 2—12 record. Feldman began the season as Raiders head coach but was fired on October 16, after an 0—5 start. From October 16 through December, the Raiders were coached by Oklahoma native and former assistant coach Red Conkright.
Under Conkright, the Raiders went 1—8, finishing the season with 1—13 record. Following the season the Raiders appointed Conkright to an interim mentor position as they looked for a new head coach. After the season, Raiders managing general partner F. Wayne Valley hired Al Davis as Raiders head coach and general manager. At 33, he was the youngest person in professional football history to hold the positions. Though the team slipped to 5—7—2 in , they rebounded to an 8—5—1 record in The famous silver and black Raider uniform debuted at the regular season opening game on September 8, Prior to this, the team wore a combination of black and white with gold trim on the pants and oversized numerals.
Two months later, the league announced its merger with the NFL. The leagues would retain separate regular seasons until With the merger, the position of commissioner was no longer needed, and Davis entered into discussions with Valley about returning to the Raiders. On July 25, , Davis returned as part-owner of the team.
Under Rauch, the Raiders matched their season's 8—5—1 record in but missed the playoffs, finishing second in the AFL West Division. On the field, the team Davis had assembled steadily improved. Led by quarterback Daryle Lamonica , acquired in a trade with the Buffalo Bills , the Raiders finished the season with a 13—1 record and won the AFL Championship , defeating the Houston Oilers 40—7. The following year, the Raiders ended the season with a 12—2 record and again winning the AFL West Division title. Citing management conflicts with day-to-day coaching decisions, Rauch resigned as Raiders head coach on January 16, , accepting the head coaching job of the Buffalo Bills.
Madden credited Coryell as being an influence on his coaching. In , Madden was hired by Al Davis as the Raiders linebacker coach. On February 4, , after the departure of John Rauch, Madden was named the Raiders sixth head coach. The first post-merger season saw the Raiders win the AFC West with an 8—4—2 record and advance to the conference championship , where they lost to the Baltimore Colts. Despite another 8—4—2 season in , the Raiders failed to win the division or playoff berth. The teams of the s were thoroughly dominant teams, with eight Hall of Fame inductees on the roster and a Hall of Fame coach in John Madden.
The s Raiders created the team's identity and persona as a team that was hard-hitting. Dominant on defense, with the crushing hits of safeties Jack Tatum and George Atkinson and cornerback Skip Thomas , the Raiders regularly held first place in the AFC West, entering the playoffs nearly every season. From through , the Raiders reached the conference championship every year.
Oakland Raiders - Wikipedia
This was also the era of a bitter rivalry between the Pittsburgh Steelers and Raiders. The teams would meet on five different occasions in the playoffs, and the winner of the Steelers-Raiders game went on to win the Super Bowl in three of those instances, from to The rivalry garnered attention in the sports media, with controversial plays, late hits, accusations and public statements. The rivalry began with and was fueled by a controversial last-second play in their first playoff game in In the divisional round, the Raiders would lose to the Steelers 13—7 on the controversial play that become known as the " Immaculate Reception ".
Lamonica was replaced as starting quarterback early in the season by Ken Stabler. In , Oakland had a 12—2 regular season, which included a nine-game winning streak. They beat the Dolphins 28—26 in the divisional round of the playoffs in a see-saw battle remembered as the " Sea of Hands " game. The Raiders were held to only 29 yards rushing by the Pittsburgh defense, and late mistakes turned a 10—3 lead at the start of the fourth quarter into a disappointing 24—13 loss. In the season opener, the Raiders beat Miami and ended their game home winning streak.
With an 11—3 record, they defeated Cincinnati 31—28 in the divisional playoff round. Again, the Raiders faced the Steelers in the conference championship, eager for revenge. According to Madden and Davis, the Raiders relied on quick movement by their wide receivers on the outside sidelines — the deep threat, or 'long ball' — more so than the Steelers of that year, whose offense was far more run-oriented than it would become later in the s. Forced to adapt to the frozen field of Three Rivers Stadium, with receivers slipping and unable to make quick moves to beat coverage, the Raiders lost, 16— The rivalry had now grown to hatred, and became the stereotype of the 'grudge match.
In , the Raiders came from behind dramatically to beat Pittsburgh 31—28 in the season opener and continued to cement its reputation for dirty play by knocking WR Lynn Swann out for two weeks with a clothesline to the helmet. Al Davis later tried to sue Steelers coach Chuck Noll for libel after the latter called safety George Atkinson a criminal for the hit. The Raiders won 13 regular season games and a close controversial 21—17 victory over New England in the divisional playoffs.
The Raiders went on to score a touchdown in the final minute to win. The Raiders jumped out to an early lead and led 16—0 at halftime. By the end, having forced Minnesota into multiple turnovers, the Raiders won 32—14 for their first post-merger championship. The following season saw the Raiders finish 11—3, but they lost the division title to the Denver Broncos. They settled for a wild card, beating the Colts in the second-longest overtime game in NFL history and which featured the Ghost to the Post. Although the Raiders achieved a winning record at 9—7, they missed the playoffs for the first time since , losing critical games down the stretch to miss the playoffs.
After 10 consecutive winning seasons and one Super Bowl championship, John Madden left coaching in to pursue a career as a television football commentator. In the midst of the turmoil of Al Davis' attempts to move the team to Los Angeles in , Flores looked to lead the Raiders to their third Super bowl by finishing the season 11—5 and earning a wild card berth. Quarterback Jim Plunkett revitalized his career, taking over in game five when starter Dan Pastorini was lost for the season to a broken leg after owner Al Davis had picked up Pastorini when he swapped quarterbacks with the Houston Oilers , sending the beloved Ken Stabler to the Oilers.
The Raiders dominated the Eagles, taking an early 14—0 lead in the first quarter behind two touchdown passes by Plunkett, including a then-Super Bowl record yard pass and catch to running bank Kenny King. A Cliff Branch third quarter touchdown reception put the Raiders up 21—3 in the third quarter.
They would go on to win 27—10, winning their second Super Bowl and becoming the first team to ever win the Super Bowl after getting into the playoffs as the wild card team. In , Al Davis attempted unsuccessfully to have improvements made to the Oakland—Alameda County Coliseum , specifically the addition of luxury boxes. That year, he signed a memorandum of agreement to move the Raiders from Oakland to Los Angeles.
The move, which required three-fourths approval by league owners, was defeated 22—0 with five owners abstaining. When Davis tried to move the team anyway, he was blocked by an injunction. In response, the Raiders not only became an active partner in an antitrust lawsuit filed by the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum who had recently lost the Los Angeles Rams , but filed an antitrust lawsuit of their own. The Raiders fell to 7—9 record, failing to make the playoffs following their Super Bowl win.
The newly minted Los Angeles Raiders finished the strike-shortened season 8—1 to win the AFC West, but lost in the second round of the playoffs to the Jets. A Branch touchdown reception from Plunkett put the Raiders up 14—0 with more than nine minutes remaining in the first quarter. With seven seconds remaining in the first half, linebacker Jack Squirek intercepted a Joe Theismann swing pass at the Washington five yard line and scored, sending the Raiders to a 21—3 halftime lead.
Following a John Riggins one-yard touchdown run extra point was blocked , Marcus Allen scored from five yards out to build the lead to 28—9. The Raiders sealed the game with Allen reversed his route on a Super Bowl record run that turned into a yard touchdown.
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The Raiders went on to a 38—9 victory and their third NFL championship. Allen set a record for most rushing yards and combined yards in a Super Bowl as the Raiders won their third Super Bowl in eight years. The team had another successful regular season in , finishing 11—5, but a three-game losing streak forced them to enter the playoffs as a wild-card, where they fell to the Seahawks in the Wild Card game. However, a loss to the Patriots derailed any further postseason hopes. The Raiders' fortunes declined after that, and from to , they finished no better than 8—8 and posted consecutive losing seasons for the first time since — Also in , Al Davis got into a widely publicized argument with Marcus Allen, whom he accused of faking injuries.
The feud continued into , and Davis retaliated by signing Bo Jackson to essentially replace Allen. However, Jackson was also a left fielder for Major League Baseball 's Kansas City Royals , and could not play full-time until baseball season ended in October. Even worse, another strike cost the NFL one game and prompted them to use substitute players.
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The Raiders achieved a 1—2 record before the regular players returned after the strike. After a weak 5—10 finish, Tom Flores moved to the front office and was replaced by Denver Broncos offensive assistant coach Mike Shanahan. Shanahan led the team to a 7—9 season in , and Allen and Jackson continued to trade places as the starting running back.
Low game attendance and fan apathy were evident by this point, and in the summer of , rumors of a Raiders return to Oakland intensified when a preseason game against the Houston Oilers was scheduled at Oakland—Alameda County Coliseum. As early as , Davis sought to abandon the Coliseum in favor of a more modern stadium.
In addition to sharing the venue with the USC Trojans , the Raiders were less than ecstatic with the Coliseum as it was aging and still lacked the luxury suites and other amenities that Davis was promised when he moved the Raiders to Los Angeles. Numerous sites in California were considered, including one near now-defunct Hollywood Park in Inglewood , where a NFL stadium for the Rams and Chargers is under construction, and another in Carson.
Negotiations between Davis and Oakland commenced in January , and on March 11, , Davis announced his intention to bring the Raiders back to Oakland. On September 11, Davis announced a new deal to stay in Los Angeles, leading many fans in Oakland to burn Raiders paraphernalia in disgust. After starting the season with a 1—3 record, Shanahan was fired by Davis, which began a long-standing feud between the two. With the hiring, Shell became the first African American head coach in the modern NFL era, but the team still finished a middling 8—8.
In , Shell led the Raiders to a 12—4 record. Behind Bo Jackson's spectacular play, they beat the Cincinnati Bengals in the divisional round of the playoffs. However, Jackson suffered a severe hip and leg injury after a tackle during the game. Jackson was forced to quit football as a result of the injury, although surgery allowed him to continue playing baseball until he retired in The Raiders finished with a 9—7 record in , but struggled looking for a reliable quarterback and lost to the Kansas City Chiefs in the Wild Card game.
The struggle for a quarterback continued in as the Raiders started two different quarterbacks and stumbled to a 7—9 record, two other playoff appearances during the s, and finished higher than third place only three times. The Raiders rebounded well in with Jeff Hostetler as the everyday quarterback, finishing in second place in the AFC West with a 10—6 record.
A win over the Broncos in the wild card game mean a rematch against the Bills for the right to go to the AFC Championship game.
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The Raiders, led by two Napoleon McCallum rushing touchdowns took a halftime lead, but could only manage six points in the second half losing to the Bills again 29— However, following a 9—7 record in the season that resulted in no postseason, Art Shell was fired. On June 23, , Davis signed a letter of intent to move the Raiders back to Oakland. The move was approved by the Alameda County Board of Supervisors the next month.
These included a new seating section — commonly known as " Mount Davis " — with 10, seats. It also built the team a training facility and paid all its moving costs. The move was greeted with much fanfare,  and under new head coach Mike White the season began well for the Raiders. Oakland started 8—2, but injuries to starting quarterback Jeff Hostetler contributed to a six-game losing streak for an 8—8 finish and the Raiders failed to qualify for the playoffs for a second consecutive season.
After two more losing seasons 7—9 in and 4—12 in under White and his successor, Joe Bugel , Davis selected a new head coach from outside the Raiders organization for only the second time when he hired Philadelphia Eagles offensive coordinator Jon Gruden. Under Gruden, the Raiders posted consecutive 8—8 seasons in and Oakland finished 12—4 in the season , the team's most successful in a decade.
The Raiders acquired all-time leading receiver Jerry Rice prior to the season. They started 10—3 but lost their last three games and finished with a 10—6 record and a wild card playoff spot. In a game in which the Raiders led for most of the game, the game was played in a heavy snowstorm. In what would be known as the " Tuck Rule Game ", late in the fourth quarter with the Patriots trailing the Raiders by a field goal, Raiders star cornerback Charles Woodson blitzed Patriots quarterback Tom Brady , causing an apparent fumble which was recovered by Raiders linebacker Greg Biekert.
The recovery would assuredly have led to a Raiders victory, as the Raiders would have a first down with 1: The Patriots retained possession and drove for a game-tying field goal.
The game went into overtime and the Patriots won 16— Shortly after the season, the Raiders made a move that involved releasing Gruden from his contract and allowing the Tampa Bay Buccaneers to sign him. In return, the Raiders received cash and future draft picks from the Buccaneers. The sudden move came after months of speculation in the media that Davis and Gruden had fallen out with each other both personally and professionally.
Under Callahan, the Raiders finished the season 11—5, won their third-straight division title, and clinched the top seed in the playoffs. Their opponent was the Tampa Bay Buccaneers , coached by Gruden. The Raiders, who had not made significant changes to Gruden's offensive schemes, were intercepted five times by the Buccaneers en route to a 48—21 blowout. Some Tampa Bay players claimed that Gruden had given them so much information on Oakland's offense, they knew exactly what plays were being called.
Callahan's second season as head coach was considerably less successful. Oakland finished 4—12, which was their worst showing since After a late-season loss to the Denver Broncos , a visibly frustrated Callahan exclaimed, "We've got to be the dumbest team in America in terms of playing the game. The team's fortunes did not improve in Turner's first year. Oakland finished the season 5—11, with only one divisional win a one-point victory over the Broncos in Denver.
During a Week 3 victory against the Buccaneers , Rich Gannon suffered a neck injury that ended his season and eventually his career. He never returned to the team and retired before the season. After a 4—12 season and a second consecutive last place finish, Turner was fired as head coach. On February 11, the team announced the return of Art Shell as head coach. In announcing the move, Al Davis said that firing Shell in had been a mistake. Despite having one of the best defenses, Oakland's offense struggled greatly, scoring just points fewest in franchise history and allowing a league-high 72 sacks.
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Wide receiver Jerry Porter was benched by Shell for most of the season in what many viewed as a personal, rather than football-related, decision. Shell was fired again at the end of the season. The team announced on January 22, , the hiring of year-old USC offensive coordinator Lane Kiffin , the youngest coach in franchise history and the youngest coach in the NFL. Russell, arguably the biggest bust in NFL history, held out until September 12  and did not make his first career start until week After a 1—3 start to and months of speculation and rumors, Davis fired Kiffin on September Tom Cable was named as Kiffin's interim replacement, and officially signed as the 17th head coach of the Oakland Raiders on Tuesday, February 3, The team's finish to the season would turn out to match their best since they lost the Super Bowl in the season.
However, they still finished 5—11 and ended up third in the AFC West, the first time they did not finish last since They would produce an identical record in ; however, the season was somewhat ameliorated by the fact that four of the Raiders' five wins were against opponents with above. When they get back to Chiss space, they defeat the Separatists and go their separate ways.
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